People holding maple leaves

Canadian job quality ranks as “average”

Having a good quality job has a big impact on people’s well-being. Being stuck in a low quality job early on can negatively affect a person’s long-term prospects for earnings and working conditions. On average, people spend 37 hours a week at work, making it important to understand and track how job quality impacts both economies and workers throughout different countries.

To help answer this question, the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has developed the OECD Job Quality Database to measure and assess the quality of jobs around the world by looking at individual work experiences. The measures focus on three areas:

  • Earnings quality – the extent to which workers’ earnings contribute to their well-being
  • Labour market security – the aspects of economic security related to the probability of job loss, the expected duration of unemployment, and the measure of public unemployment insurance
  • Quality of the working environment – the non-economic aspects of job quality, including the type of work, working arrangements, and workplace relationships

Canada ranks as an average performer across these three categories, ranking 13th of 33 for both earning quality and labour market security, and tied 7th for quality of the working environment. The top performing countries across all categories are Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Luxembourg, Norway, and Switzerland. As economic developers work to create employment opportunities, reports like this provide some interesting insights into measuring the quality as well as the quantity of jobs available.